Constituting hypolipidemic and pleiotropic effects, statins stabilize coronary artery plaque and may prevent STEMI events. This study investigated the association between contemporary statin pretreatment intensity, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels, and the type of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) presentation: STEMI vs. NSTE-ACS. Data were drawn from the ACS Israeli Survey (ACSIS), a biennial prospective national survey that took place in 2008–2018. The rate of STEMI vs. NSTE-ACS was calculated by statin use, including statin intensity (high-intensity statin therapy (HIST) and low-intensity statin therapy (LIST) prior to the index ACS event. Among 5103 patients, 2839 (56%) were statin-naive, 1389 (27%) used LIST and 875 (17%) used HIST. Statin pretreated patients were older and had a higher rates of co-morbidities, cardiovascular disease history and pretreatment with evidence-based medications. STEMI vs. NSTE-ACS was lower among HIST vs. LIST vs. statin-naive patients (31.0%, 37.8%, and 54.0%, respectively, p for trend < 0.001). Multi-variate analysis revealed that HIST was independently associated with lower STEMI presentation (ORadj 0.70; 95% CI 0.57–0.86), while LIST (ORadj 0.92; 95% CI 0.77–1.10) and LDL-C < 70 mg/dL (ORadj 0.96; 95% CI 0.82–1.14) were not. In conclusion, among patients admitted with ACS, pretreat-ment with HIST was independently associated with a lower probability of STEMI presentation, while LIST and LDL-C < 70 mg/dL were not.
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
- Myocardial infarction
- Primary prevention
- Secondary prevention