Association between the renin-angiotensin system and chronic lung allograft dysfunction

Gregory Berra, Sofia Farkona, Zahraa Mohammed-Ali, Max Kotlyar, Liran Levy, Sergi Clotet-Freixas, Phillip Ly, Benjamin Renaud-Picard, Guan Zehong, Tina Daigneault, Allen Duong, Ihor Batruch, Igor Jurisica, Ana Konvalinka, Tereza Martinu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is the major cause of death after lung transplantation. Angiotensin II (AngII), the main effector of the renin-angiotensin system, elicits fibrosis in both kidney and lung. We identified six AngII-regulated proteins (Ras homolog family member B (RHOB), bone marrow stromal cell antigen 1 (BST1), lysophospholipase 1 (LYPA1), glutamine synthetase (GLNA), thrombospondin 1 (TSP1) and laminin subunit β2 (LAMB2)) that were increased in urine of patients with kidney allograft fibrosis. We hypothesised that the renin-angiotensin system is active in CLAD and that AngII-regulated proteins are increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) of CLAD patients.We performed immunostaining of AngII receptors (AGTR1 and AGTR2), TSP1 and GLNA in 10 CLAD lungs and five controls. Using mass spectrometry, we quantified peptides corresponding to AngII-regulated proteins in BAL of 40 lung transplant recipients (stable, acute lung allograft dysfunction (ALAD) and CLAD). Machine learning algorithms were developed to predict CLAD based on BAL peptide concentrations.Immunostaining demonstrated significantly more AGTR1+ cells in CLAD versus control lungs (p=0.02). TSP1 and GLNA immunostaining positively correlated with the degree of lung fibrosis (R2=0.42 and 0.57, respectively). In BAL, we noted a trend towards higher concentrations of AngII-regulated peptides in patients with CLAD at the time of bronchoscopy, and significantly higher concentrations of BST1, GLNA and RHOB peptides in patients that developed CLAD at follow-up (p<0.05). The support vector machine classifier discriminated CLAD from stable and ALAD patients at the time of bronchoscopy (area under the curve (AUC) 0.86) and accurately predicted subsequent CLAD development (AUC 0.97).Proteins involved in the renin-angiotensin system are increased in CLAD lungs and BAL. AngII-regulated peptides measured in BAL may accurately identify patients with CLAD and predict subsequent CLAD development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes

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