Background STEMI is thought to occur as a result of a vulnerable coronary plaque rupture. Statins possess hypolipidemic and pleotropic effects that stabilize coronary plaque. We sought to determine the association between LDL-C levels, statin use prior to the index event on the type of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) presentation: STEMI vs. non-STEMI/unstable angina. Methods Data was drawn from the ACS Israeli Survey (ACSIS), a biennial prospective survey of ACS patients hospitalized in all CCU/Cardiology departments during 2002-2010. Results Among 6790 patients, 2760 (41%) reported statin use prior to the index ACS event. The proportion of STEMI was significantly lower among statin treated vs. statin naive patients (36% vs. 57%, p < 0.0001). At each LDL-C level, the proportion of STEMI was significantly lower only among statin treated patients (p < 0.0001). LDL-C < 70 mg/dL was associated with a lower proportion of STEMI only among statin treated but not among statin naive patients (33% vs. 57%, p < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that statin use was independently associated with a lower probability of presenting with STEMI (ORadj = 0.73, p = 0.007), but not LDL-C < 70 mg/dL (ORadj = 1.13, p = 0.32). Patients on high-intensity statin therapy (HIST) were less likely to present with STEMI as compared with low-intensity statin therapy (LIST) or statin naive patients (27%, 38%, 56%, respectively, p for trend < 0.0001; HIST ORadj = 0.28, p = 0.01; LIST ORadj = 0.48, p = 0.026). Conclusions Among patients admitted with ACS, statin use but not LDL-C level, was associated with a lower probability of presenting with STEMI. Patients on HIST had the lowest likelihood of presenting with STEMI.
- Acute coronary syndrome
- ST-elevation myocardial infarction