Objectives: To evaluate the associations of peri-operative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and change in NLR with survival after radical cystectomy. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a multicentre cohort of patients with bladder cancer who underwent radical cystectomy between 2010 and 2020. Preoperative NLR, postoperative NLR, delta-NLR (postoperative minus preoperative NLR) and NLR change (postoperative divided by preoperative NLR) were calculated. Patients were stratified based on elevation of preoperative and/ or postoperative NLR above the median values. Multivariable Cox regression models were used to evaluate the associations of peri-operative NLR and NLR change with survival. Results: The study cohort included 346 patients with a median age of 69 years. The median (interquartile range) preoperative NLR, postoperative NLR, delta-NLR and NLR change were 2.55 (1.83, 3.90), 3.33 (2.21, 5.20), 0.43 (−0.50, 2.08) and 1.2 (0.82, 1.96), respectively. Both preoperative and postoperative NLR were elevated in 110 patients (32%), 126 patients (36%) had an elevated preoperative or postoperative NLR, and 110 patients (32%) did not have an elevated NLR. On multivariable analysis, increased preoperative and postoperative NLR were significantly associated with decreased survival. While delta-NLR and NLR change were not associated with outcome, patients with elevations in both preoperative and postoperative NLR had the worst overall (hazard ratio [HR] 2.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.78, 4.95; P < 0.001) and cancer-specific survival rates (HR 2.41, 95% CI 1.3, 4.4; P = 0.004). Conclusions: Preoperative and postoperative NLR are significant predictors of survival after radical cystectomy; patients in whom both NLR measures were elevated had the worst outcomes. Future studies should evaluate whether an increase in NLR during long-term follow-up may precede disease recurrence.
- bladder cancer
- radical cystectomy