Association Between Behcet's Disease and Depression

Bar Pitaro Alter, Shmuel Tiosano, Yuval Kuntzman, Omer Gendelman, Guy Shalom, Abdulla Watad, Howard Amital, Arnon D. Cohen, Daniela Amital*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Behcet's disease (BD) is a chronic vasculitic multi-systemic disease of unknown etiology. BD is characterized by recurrent attacks of oral aphthae, genital ulcers, and uveitis. BD is a multisystemic disorder and as such it may provoke various psychiatric manifestations, including depression. Objectives: To evaluate the association between BD and depression, adjusting for established risk factors for depression. Methods: We executed a cross-sectional study based on the Clalit Health Services database, the largest healthcare organization in Israel, serving over4.4 million members. For this study873 BD patients were detected and matched with 4369 controls by age and sex. Results: The rate of depression was higher among the BD patients compared with the control group (9.39% vs 5.49%, respectively, odds ratio [OR] 1.79, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 1.37-2.31, P < 0.001). An association between BD and depression was also observed on multivariable analysis (OR 1.83, 95%CI 1.39-2.39, P < 0.001). When stratifying the data, according to established risk factors, the association between BD and depression was prominent in the youngest age group (18-39 years of age), low and high socioeconomical status, and non-smokers. Conclusions: Establishing the association between BD and depression should influence the attitude and the treatment of BD patients, as this relationship requires a more holistic approach and a multidisciplinary treatment regimen for all patient needs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)727-731
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume24
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Behcet's disease
  • anxiety
  • co-morbidity
  • depression
  • inflammation

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