Association between attention, nonverbal intelligence and school performance of school-age children with Autism Spectrum Disorder from a public health context in Brazil

Mayra Muller Spaniol*, Júlia Magalhães, Carmel Mevorach, Lilach Shalev, Maria Cristina T.V. Teixeira, Rosane Lowenthal, Cristiane Silvestre de Paula

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by impairments in social interaction, restricted and repetitive behaviour, interests or activities. Difficulties in a broad spectrum of cognitive skills is often present, including attentional processes and nonverbal intelligence, which might be related to academic difficulties. Aims: In this study, the association between attentional skills and nonverbal intelligence to school performance of children with ASD was assessed. Methods and procedures: 32 children/adolescents between 8–14 years old, who attended a treatment unit linked to the public health system of São Paulo-Brazil participated in the study. The following instruments were utilized: Cancellation Attention Test; Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices; and School Performance Test. Outcomes and results: After correlation analysis, statistically significant associations were found between attention and nonverbal intelligence with school performance. Regression analysis showed that attention drives school performance irrespective of nonverbal intelligence. Conclusions and implications: Results evidence the link between attention and school performance in ASD, suggesting that attentional mechanisms may be a promising route to follow in the design of interventions for school improvement of children and adolescents with ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104041
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume116
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Funding

FundersFunder number
PrInt88887.310343/2018-00
Proex0653/2018
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior

    Keywords

    • Attention
    • Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • Nonverbal intelligence
    • School performance

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Association between attention, nonverbal intelligence and school performance of school-age children with Autism Spectrum Disorder from a public health context in Brazil'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this