Assessment of liver and spleen stiffness in patients with myelofibrosis using fibroscan and shear wave elastography

Muriel Webb, Oren Shibolet, Zamir Halpern, Meital Nagar, Ninette Amariglio, Stella Levit, David M. Steinberg, Erwin Santo, Ophira Salomon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Liver stiffness and spleen stiffness in patients with myelofibrosis have traditionally been assessed through manual palpation and thus influenced by interobserver variability. In this article, for the first time, liver stiffness and spleen stiffness of patientswithmyelofibrosis were evaluated through FibroScan and shear wave elastography (SWE). Nine patients with myelofibrosis comprised the study group. They were compared with 11 patients with liver cirrhosis and 8 healthy volunteers. Before the FibroScan study, all patients underwent ultrasound study to delineate the left intercostal space for validated measurements. In patients with myelofibrosis, the mean stiffness of the spleen was 41.3 and 32.9 kilopascals (kPa) through FibroScan and SWE, respectively. The mean stiffness of the liver was 7.8 kPa through FibroScan and 10.4 kPa through SWE. The stiffness of the spleen in patients with cirrhosis was even higher, reaching a mean of 58.5 kPa through FibroScan and 40.5 kPa through SWE. The means were considerably lower among the healthy controls (13.5 and 18.1 kPa, respectively). The correlation between spleen stiffness among the patients with cirrhosis is negative and opposite in direction (r = j0.35) in comparison with the patients with myelofibrosis (r = 0.78). Among the patients with liver cirrhosis and myelofibrosis, spleen size was weakly related to spleen stiffness as assessed through SWE (r = 0.49) but had almost no relation to the FibroScan measure (r = 0.13). The FibroScan and SWE of the spleen have little ability to distinguish between the patients with myelofibrosis and cirrhosis, but they do differentiate both patient groups from the healthy controls. The stiffness of spleen and liver as measured through FibroScan and SWE was not correlated to the longevity of myelofibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-169
Number of pages4
JournalUltrasound Quarterly
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • FibroScan
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Liver stiffness
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Shear wave elastography
  • Spleen stiffness

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