Assessment of Airway Bronchodilation by Spirometry Compared to Airway Obstruction in Young Children with Asthma

Daphna Vilozni, Fahed Hakim, Galit Livnat, Miryam Ofek, Ronen Bar-Yoseph, Lea Bentur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A reversibility test by an increase of greater than 12% in FEV1 can support a diagnosis of asthma and alter a patient's treatment plan but may not be applicable to the young ages. We retrospectively gathered spirometric data from 85/271 asthmatic children having mild obstruction (FEV1 > 80% predicted), age 2.6-6.9 years. Spirometry was performed before and 20 min after inhalation of 200 mcg Albuterol. We defined a deviation below -1.64 z scores from control as obstruction and an increased above 1.64 scores from control as a positive response to bronchodilators. Sensitivity of the index was considered significant if it captured >68% of the participants. The sensitivity of detecting airway obstruction in these children by FEV1 was 15.3% and 62.4% by FEF25-75. A positive response to Albuterol was an increase of 9.2% for FEV1 (12% for adults) and 18.5% for FEF25-75. The sensitivity for detecting a response to Albuterol in mild asthma was 64.7% by FEV1 and 91.8% by FEF25-75. Young children having normal spirometry can demonstrate airway reversibility. The response of spirometry parameters to bronchodilators may be more sensitive than obstruction detection and may help to support the diagnosis of asthma and adjust treatment plan.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5394876
JournalCanadian Respiratory Journal
Volume2016
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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