Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is a complicated condition genetically, clinically, and treatment wise. Genetically, there are numerus mutations with different effect on enzyme activity that make genetic diagnosis a challenge. Clinically, there are a wide range of presentations from asymptomatic patients to the severe life-threatening classic CAH. Both an asymptomatic heterozygote and a mildly affected non-classical patient can carry a ‘severe’ mutation and endow it to their offspring. We present a case of non-classic CAH and discuss the problematic relations between biochemical and genetic diagnosis. By integrating the seemingly contradicting literature, we provide a new simple tool to assess the risk of such patients to give birth to a child with classic CAH.
- congenital adrenal hyperplasia