Assessing Health-Related Quality of Life in Non-Directed Versus Directed Kidney Donors: Implications for the Promotion of Non-Directed Donation

Assaf Vital, Maya Siman-Tov, Gadi Shlomai, Yana Davidov, Keren Cohen-Hagai, Moshe Shashar, Enosh Askenasy, Ronen Ghinea, Eytan Mor, Tammy Hod*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Living kidney donation has increased significantly, but little is known about the post-donation health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of non-directed donors (NDs) vs. directed donors (DDs). We thus examined the outcomes of 112 living kidney donors (82 NDs, 30 DDs). For the primary outcomes—namely, the mean physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores of the 12-item Short Form Survey (SF-12) questionnaire—scores were significantly higher for the NDs vs. the DDs (PCS: +2.69, MCS: +4.43). For secondary outcomes, NDs had shorter hospital stays (3.4 vs. 4.4 days), returned to physical activity earlier (45 vs. 60 days), exercised more before and after donation, and continued physical activity post-donation. Regression analyses revealed that donor type and white blood cell count were predictive of the PCS-12 score, and donor type was predictive of the MCS-12 score. Non-directed donation was predictive of a shorter hospital stay (by 0.78 days, p < 0.001) and the odds of having PCS-12 and MCS-12 scores above 50 were almost 10 and 16 times higher for NDs, respectively (p < 0.05). These findings indicate the safety and potential benefits of promoting non-directed donation. However, careful selection processes must be maintained to prevent harm and exploitation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12417
JournalTransplant International
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024

Keywords

  • directed kidney donors
  • length of stay
  • living kidney donors
  • non-directed kidney donors
  • quality of life

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