Assay of adhesion under shear stress for the study of t lymphocyte-adhesion molecule interactions

Marianne Strazza, Inbar Azoulay-Alfaguter, Michael Peled, Adam Mor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Overall, T cell adhesion is a critical component of function, contributing to the distinct processes of cellular recruitment to sites of inflammation and interaction with antigen presenting cells (APC) in the formation of immunological synapses. These two contexts of T cell adhesion differ in that T cell-APC interactions can be considered static, while T cell-blood vessel interactions are challenged by the shear stress generated by circulation itself. T cell-APC interactions are classified as static in that the two cellular partners are static relative to each other. Usually, this interaction occurs within the lymph nodes. As a T cell interacts with the blood vessel wall, the cells arrest and must resist the generated shear stress.1,2 These differences highlight the need to better understand static adhesion and adhesion under flow conditions as two distinct regulatory processes. The regulation of T cell adhesion can be most succinctly described as controlling the affinity state of integrin molecules expressed on the cell surface, and thereby regulating the interaction of integrins with the adhesion molecule ligands expressed on the surface of the interacting cell. Our current understanding of the regulation of integrin affinity states comes from often simplistic in vitro model systems. The assay of adhesion using flow conditions described here allows for the visualization and accurate quantification of T cell-epithelial cell interactions in real time following a stimulus. An adhesion under flow assay can be applied to studies of adhesion signaling within T cells following treatment with inhibitory or stimulatory substances. Additionally, this assay can be expanded beyond T cell signaling to any adhesive leukocyte population and any integrin-adhesion molecule pair.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere54203
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number112
StatePublished - 29 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Flow adhesion
  • ICAM-1
  • Immunology
  • Issue 112
  • LFA-1
  • Rap1
  • Shear stress
  • T lymphocyte


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