Artificial photosynthesis utilizing room temperature ionic liquids

Brian A. Rosen, Richard I. Masel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Alternative energy and climate change are among the largest concerns facing scientists and engineers at the start of the twenty-first century. The focus of this research is the design of a system that can efficiently capture atmospheric carbon dioxide and reduce it to CO, a precursor for fuel synthesis. Rather than traditional solvents such as water, sulfuric acid, or acetonitrile, room temperature ionic liquids (RTIL's) will be employed as the solvent for CO 2 capture and reduction. RTIL's have many favorable properties such as extended electrochemical windows, high thermal stability, high electrical conductivity, and a 100+ fold increase in carbon dioxide solubility compared to water. Additionally, the absence of bulk water can increase the efficiency of CO production by eliminating the hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions. Cyclic voltammetry has shown the catalytic reduction of CO 2 at many transition metal cathode surfaces in imidazolium based ionic liquids such as EMIM BF4. Sum Frequency Generation (SFG) spectroscopy was used in identify reduced species and intermediates on the Pt surface. A CO2 conversion flow cell in series with a GC was used to evaluate the steady state performance of CO2 reduction on various metal cathodes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, 11AIChE - Minneapolis, MN, United States
Duration: 16 Oct 201121 Oct 2011

Publication series

Name11AIChE - 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, Conference Proceedings

Conference

Conference2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, 11AIChE
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMinneapolis, MN
Period16/10/1121/10/11

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