Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair in fibromyalgia patients had comparable outcomes to a matched control group

Ron Gurel*, Matias Vidra, Etay Elbaz, Shai Factor, Efi Kazum, Assaf Bivas, Eran Maman, Ofir Chechik, Dani Rotman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although fibromyalgia is associated with poor outcomes following orthopedic surgeries, several studies show some benefit from surgical intervention and nevertheless recommend operative treatment when indicated. There is sparse evidence of the effect of fibromyalgia on the outcomes of shoulder surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of fibromyalgia on patient-reported outcomes of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR). Methods: All patients with a confirmed diagnosis of fibromyalgia who underwent ARCR in one institution between 2010 and 2021 were included. Data retrieved from medical records included demographics, characteristics of the cuff tear and the surgical procedure, and preoperative and last follow-up (minimum 1 year) postoperative Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, Subjective Shoulder score (SSV), and Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS). A matched controlled group of patients without fibromyalgia who had undergone ARCR was selected according to age, sex, and preoperative DASH, SSV, and NPRS scores. Results: There were no significant differences in demographics, cuff tear and surgical procedure characteristics, and preoperative scores between the fibromyalgia and control groups. The fibromyalgia patients’ postoperative scores for all 3 measurements showed significant improvement: SSV by 32.1 (P = 0.004), DASH by 20.3 (P = 0.016), and NPRS by 2.33 (P = 0.017). There were no significant differences in the postoperative DASH, SSV, and NPRS between the fibromyalgia and control groups. Conclusion: Fibromyalgia patients with rotator cuff tears who undergo ARCR do not have inferior patient-reported outcomes compared with non-fibromyalgia controls. Fibromyalgia should not be a considered a contraindication for ARCR.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • ARCR
  • Arthroscopy
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Rotator cuff tear
  • Shoulder

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