Arrhythmic events in Brugada syndrome: A nationwide Israeli survey of the clinical characteristics, treatment, and long-term follow-up (ISRABRU-VF)

Israeli Working Group of Pacing Electrophysiology

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Limited information exists about detailed clinical characteristics and management of the small subset of Brugada syndrome (BrS) patients who had an arrhythmic event (AE). Objectives: To conduct the first nationwide survey focused on BrS patients with documented AE. Methods: Israeli electrophysiology units participated if they had treated BrS patients who had cardiac arrest (CA) (lethal/ aborted; group 1) or experienced appropriate therapy for tachyarrhythmias after prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation (group 2). Results: The cohort comprised 31 patients: 25 in group 1, 6 in group 2. Group 1: 96% male, mean CA age 38 years (range 13– 84). Nine patients (36%) presented with arrhythmic storm and three had a lethal outcome; 17 (68%) had spontaneous type 1 Brugada electrocardiography (ECG). An electrophysiology study (EPS) was performed on 11 patients with inducible ventricular fibrillation (VF) in 10, which was prevented by quinidine in 9/10 patients. During follow-up (143 ± 119 months) eight patients experienced appropriate shocks, none while on quinidine. Group 2: all male, age 30–53 years; 4/6 patients had familial history of sudden death age < 50 years. Five patients had spontaneous type 1 Brugada ECG and four were asymptomatic at ICD implantation. EPS was performed in four patients with inducible VF in three. During long-term follow-up, five patients received ≥ 1 appropriate shocks, one had ATP for sustained VT (none taking quinidine). No AE recurred in patients subsequently treated with quinidine. Conclusions: CA from BrS is apparently a rare occurrence on a national scale and no AE occurred in any patient treated with quinidine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-276
Number of pages8
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume20
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Appropriate shocks
  • Arrhythmic events (AE)
  • Brugada syndrome (BrS)
  • Cardiac arrest (CA)
  • Quinidine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Arrhythmic events in Brugada syndrome: A nationwide Israeli survey of the clinical characteristics, treatment, and long-term follow-up (ISRABRU-VF)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this