Are women with cervical incompetence at a higher risk of experiencing urinary and pelvic organ prolapse symptoms?

Masha Ben-Zvi*, Hadas Ganer Herman, Jacob Bar, Alexander Condrea, Shimon Ginath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTs), in addition to cervical incompetence, have a multifactorial etiology. Connective tissue disorders are common risk factors in both entities. The objective of this study was to compare long-term urinary and pelvic organ prolapse-related symptoms in patients who experienced cervical incompetence and those who did not. Methods: In this historical prospective cohort, analysis of cervical incompetence cases from one medical center between 2006 and 2009 were compared with a matched control group. All cases included a minimum 7-year follow-up. Symptoms of urinary and prolapse-related complaints during follow-up were evaluated based on the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory-20 questionnaire. Results: The study group comprised 37 women who experienced cervical incompetence matched to 34 consecutive controls. There was no difference between the groups in demographic or obstetric characteristics, except for a higher cesarean section rate and earlier deliveries among women with cervical incompetence. On assessment of patient’s symptoms, during follow-up, the average Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory-6 score was significantly higher in patients who experienced cervical incompetence than in controls (15.0 ± 26.1 vs 1.7 ± 7.1 respectively, p = 0.034). Urinary complaints, as reflected by the Urinary Distress Inventory-6 index, were also more common in women with cervical incompetence (17.9 ± 19.1 vs 3.9 ± 7.3 p = 0.027). Conclusions: Women with a history of cervical incompetence experienced a higher rate of pelvic organ prolapse and urinary symptoms compared with women who had no cervical insufficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-389
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Cervical incompetence
  • Overactive bladder
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Urinary incontinence

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