Approximation Method for Estimating Search Times for On-Street Parking

Nir Fulman, Itzhak Benenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose an approximation method for estimating the probability p(τ, n) of searching for on-street parking longer than time τ from the start of a parking search near a given destination n based on high-resolution maps of parking demand and supply in a city. We verify the method by comparing its outcomes to the estimates obtained with an agent-based simulation model of on-street parking search. As a practical example, we construct maps of cruising time for the Israeli city of Bat Yam and demonstrate that, despite the low overall demand-to-supply ratio of 0.65, excessive demand in the city center results in a significant share of parking searches that last longer than 5 or even 10 minutes. We discuss the application of the proposed approach for urban planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1046-1069
Number of pages24
JournalTransportation Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2021


FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation1160/18


    • Agent-based modeling
    • Parking management
    • Parking search
    • Serious games
    • Spatially explicit modeling


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