Plasminogen-activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1), the primary inhibitor of urinary-type plasminogen activator, is thought to play an important role in the control of stroma invasion by both endothelial and tumor cells. Using an in vitro angiogenesis model of capillary extension through a preformed monolayer, in conjunction with in situ hybridization analysis, we showed that PAI-1 mRNA is specifically induced in cells juxtaposed next to elongating sprouts. To further establish that PAI-1 expression is induced as a consequence of a direct contact with endothelial cells, coculture experiments were performed. PAI-1 mRNA was induced exclusively in fibroblasts (L-cells) contacting endothelial cell (LE-II) colonies. Reporter gene constructs driven by a PAI-1 promoter and stably transfected into L-cells were used to establish that both mouse and rat PAI-1 promoters mediate apposition- dependent regulation. This mode of PAI-1 regulation is not mediated by plasmin, as an identical spatial pattern of expression was detected in cocultures treated with plasmin inhibitors. Because endothelial cells may establish direct contacts with fibroblasts only during angiogenesis, we propose that focal induction of PAI-1 at the site of heterotypic cell contacts provides a mechanism to negate excessive pericellular proteolysis associated with endothelial cell invasion.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1 Aug 1998|