Application of dissipative particle dynamics to interfacial systems: Parameterization and scaling

Marco Ferrari*, Gianluca Boccardo, Daniele L. Marchisio, Antonio Buffo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD) is a stochastic particle model that is able to simulate larger systems over longer time scales than atomistic modeling approaches by including the concept of coarse-graining. Whether standard DPD can cover the whole mesoscale by changing the level of coarse-graining is still an open issue. A scaling scheme originally developed by Füchslin et al. (2009) was here applied to interfacial systems as one of the most successful uses of the classical DPD method. In particular, equilibrium properties such as the interfacial tension were analyzed at different levels of coarse-graining for planar oil-water interfaces with and without surfactant. A scaling factor for the interfacial tension was found due to the combined effect of the scaling scheme and the coarse-graining parameterization. Although the level of molecular description was largely decreased, promising results showed that it is possible to conserve the interfacial tension trend at increasing surfactant concentrations, remarkably reducing modeling complexity. The same approach was also employed to simulate a droplet configuration. Both planar and droplet conformations were maintained, showing that typical domain formations of multi-component systems can be performed in DPD by means of the scaling procedure. Therefore, we explored the possibility of describing oil-water and oil-water-surfactant systems in standard DPD using a scaling scheme with the aim of highlighting its advantages and limitations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number035324
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2023
Externally publishedYes


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