Applicability of Transnasal Echography for Identification of Internal Carotid Artery

Uriel Katz, Gabriel Nakache, Eran E. Alon, Arkadi Yakirevitch*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To study the applicability of transnasal echography for the internal carotid artery (ICA) imaging during endoscopic procedures, primarily nasopharyngectomy. Study Design: Non-randomized controlled cohort. Methods: The tip of a pediatric transducer for transesophageal echography was inserted into each nostril under endoscopic control and placed in the ipsilateral Rosenmuller's fossa. The ICA's internal diameter and distance between the nasopharyngeal wall and the artery's closest point were measured on each side. Two independent examiners measured the same parameters on the axial plane of the skull base computer tomography (CT). Agreement between CT and echography measurements was estimated by the Bland–Altman approach. Results: Twenty-seven ICAs (sides) were available for the echography-CT agreement analysis. Inter method agreement for both parameters was similar to the inter examiner agreement for the CT measurements. Conclusions: Our first study on endoscopic echography demonstrated that this method is applicable, potentially allowing safer transnasal surgery in the ICA vicinity. Level of Evidence: 3 Laryngoscope, 132:1184–1188, 2022.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1188
Number of pages5
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2022


  • Internal carotid artery
  • computed tomography
  • endoscopy
  • nasal surgical procedures
  • ultrasonography


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