Apical extrusion of debris by supplementary files used for retreatment: An ex vivo comparative study

Ajinkya M. Pawar, Mansing Pawar*, Zvi Metzger, Bhagyashree Thakur

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Aim: This study evaluated whether using supplementary files for removing root canal filling residues after ProTaper Universal Retreatment files (RFs) increased the debris extrusion apically. Materials and Methods: Eighty mandibular premolars with single root and canal were instrumented with ProTaper Universal rotary system (SX-F3) and obturated. The samples were divided randomly into four groups (n = 20). Group 1 served as a control; only ProTaper Universal RFs D1-D3 were used, and the extruded debris was weighed. Groups 2, 3, and 4 were the experimental groups, receiving a twofold retreatment protocol: Removal of the bulk, followed by the use of supplementary files. The bulk was removed by RFs, followed by the use of ProTaper NEXT (PTN), WaveOne (WO), and Self-Adjusting File (SAF) for removal of the remaining root filling residues. Debris extruded apically were weighed and compared to the control group. Statistical analysis was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and post hoc Tukey′s test. Results: All the three experimental groups presented significant difference (P <.01). The post hoc Tukey′s test confirmed that Group 4 (SAF) exhibited significantly less (P <.01) debris extrusion between the three groups tested. Conclusion: SAF results in less extrusion of debris when used as supplementary file to remove root-filling residues, compared to WO and PTN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-129
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Conservative Dentistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Apical debris extrusion
  • Endodontic retreatment
  • ProTaper NEXT (PTN)
  • ProTaper Retreatment files (RFs)
  • Self-Adjusting File (SAF)
  • WaveOne (WO)


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