Aortic valve replacement in patients with impaired ventricular function

Ram Sharony, Eugene A. Grossi*, Paul C. Saunders, Charles F. Schwartz, Giovanni B. Ciuffo, F. Gregory Baumann, Julie Delianides, Robert M. Applebaum, Greg H. Ribakove, Alfred T. Culliford, Aubrey C. Galloway, Stephen B. Colvin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Patients with reduced ventricular function undergoing aortic valve replacement have increased operative risks, but the impact of valvular pathophysiology and other risk factors has not been clearly defined. Methods. From June 1992 through June 2002, 1,402 consecutive patients underwent isolated aortic valve surgery with or without coronary artery bypass grafting; of these patients, 416 had an ejection fraction less than 40% and are the subject of this report. These patients (mean age, 68.6) had severe stenosis (62.5%), severe regurgitation (30.3%), or mixed disease (7.2%). Aortic valve replacement plus coronary artery bypass grafting was performed in 48.4% of patients, and 27% had previous cardiac surgery. Follow-up included echocardiography and survival analysis. Results. Hospital mortality was 10.1% (42 of 416), with no difference between aortic stenosis (9.6%) and regurgitation (11.1%). Multivariate analysis revealed that age (p = 0.002) and renal disease (odds ratio = 4.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.9 to 9.3; p = 0.001) were independently associated predictors of mortality. Valvular pathophysiology had no impact on mortality. Peripheral vascular disease, multivessel coronary disease, and renal disease were associated risks for any postoperative complication. Peripheral vascular disease (odds ratio = 12.3, p = 0.02), history of cerebrovascular disease (odds ratio = 4.8, p = 0.038), and diabetes (odds ratio = 2.7, p = 0.04) were associated risks for stroke. The ejection fraction was more than 40% in 52% of the patients who had postoperative echocardiography (mean follow-up, 6 months). Actuarial survival revealed no difference between pathophysiologic groups. Conclusions. Aortic valve surgery in patients with impaired ventricular function carries an acceptable operative risk that can be stratified by age and comorbidities. The type of valvular pathophysiology does not significantly affect mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1808-1814
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Volume75
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Funding

FundersFunder number
Foundation for Research in Cardiac Surgery and Cardiovascular Biology

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