Aortic Valve Gradient and Clinical Outcome in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation for Severe Aortic Stenosis

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Abstract

Objectives: To explore the relation between the baseline aortic valve gradient (AVG) as a continuous variable and clinical outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in general and specifically in patients with high-gradient aortic stenosis (AS). Methods: We reviewed 317 consecutive patients who underwent TAVI at our institution. We investigated the relation between AVG as a continuous/categorical variable and outcome among all patients and in patients without low-flow low-gradient AS, using the Cox proportional hazard model adjusting for multiple prognostic variables. Results: Patients had a peak AVG of 79.9 ± 22.8 mm Hg (mean 50.5 ±15.7). During a mean follow-up of 2.7 years, AVG was inversely associated with mortality and mortality or cardiac hospitalization. Every 10-mm-Hg increase in peak AVG was associated with 18% reduction in mortality (p = 0.003) and 19% reduction in mortality/cardiac hospitalization (p < 0.001). Every 10-mm-Hg increase in mean AVG was associated with a 24% reduction in both outcomes (p = 0.005 and p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis of patients with left-ventricular ejection fraction >40% or peak AVG >64 mm Hg yielded similar results. Conclusions: Mean and peak baseline AVGs are directly associated with improved outcomes after TAVI; AVG can be used to select the patients most likely to benefit from TAVI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalCardiology
Volume134
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Aortic valve gradients
  • Transcatheter aortic valve implantation

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