Aortic arch aneurysm repair – Unsteady hemodynamics and perfusion at different heart rates

Shirly Steinlauf, Sapir Hazan Shenberger, Moshe Halak, Alexander Liberzon, Idit Avrahami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aortic arch aneurysm is a complex disease that requires branching of one or more aortic arch vessels and can be fatal if left untreated. In this in vitro study, we examine the effect of the treatment approach on the unsteady hemodynamics and blood perfusion to the upper vessel's in models of an aortic arch aneurysm, and of the three common repair approaches: open-chest surgical repair, chimney, and hybrid approach. A particle image velocimetry method was used to quantify the unsteady hemodynamics in the four models simulated in a mock circulatory loop, to evaluate unsteady hemodynamic parameters and measure perfusion to the brain and the upper body. According to the findings, in terms of perfusion to the brain and upper body, the surgery model has the highest flow rate comparing to the other models in most heart-rate conditions. It also shows oscillatory parameters in the upper vessels which in normal arteries are correlated with a better arterial function. Between the two endovascular procedures, the hybrid model exhibits slightly better hemodynamic characteristics than the chimney model, with lower shear stresses and more oscillatory flow and WSS in the upper vessels. The hybrid model had lower perfusion flow rates to upper vessels during rest conditions (90BPM). However, unlike the other models, perfusion in the hybrid model increased with heart rate, thus at 135 BPM, it results in flow rate to upper vessels similar to that of the chimney model. The results of this study may shed light on future endograft' design and placement techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110351
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 May 2021

Keywords

  • Aortic Aneurysm
  • Aortic arch
  • Aortic flow
  • Chimney stent graft
  • Hybrid stent graft

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