Anxiety, pandemic-related stress and resilience among physicians during the COVID-19 pandemic

Mariela Mosheva, Nimrod Hertz-Palmor, Shirel Dorman Ilan, Noam Matalon, Itai M. Pessach, Arnon Afek, Amitai Ziv, Yitshak Kreiss, Raz Gross*, Doron Gothelf*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Physicians play a crucial frontline role in the COVID-19 pandemic, which may involve high levels of anxiety. We aimed to investigate the association between pandemic-related stress factors (PRSF) and anxiety and to evaluate the potential effect of resilience on anxiety among physicians. Methods: A self-report digital survey was completed by 1106 Israeli physicians (564 males and 542 females) during the COVID-19 outbreak. Anxiety was measured by the 8-item version of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System. Resilience was evaluated by the 10-item Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale. Stress was assessed using a PRSF inventory. Results: Physicians reported high levels of anxiety with a mean score of 59.20 ± 7.95. We found an inverse association between resilience and anxiety. Four salient PRSF (mental exhaustion, anxiety about being infected, anxiety infecting family members, and sleep difficulties) positively associated with anxiety scores. Conclusions: Our study identified specific PRSF including workload burden and fear of infection that are associated with increased anxiety and resilience that is associated with reduced anxiety among physicians.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)965-971
Number of pages7
JournalDepression and Anxiety
Volume37
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Funding

FundersFunder number
Foundation Dora
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation2017369

    Keywords

    • COVID-19
    • anxiety
    • mental health
    • resilience
    • stress

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