The specific immune response of patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis including the ability of their lymphokines to enhance the monocytes' leishmaniacidal activity was studied. In 16 patients with cutaneous leishaniasis, their concanavalin A-induced lymphocyte proliferative responses, interferon-γ and interleukin 2 activities and the ability of their concanavalin A-induced lymphokines to kill monocyte intracellular amastigotes were not different from normal controls. Antigen-stimulated lymphocyte cultures showed that 13 of 13 patients had an increased lymphocyte proliferative response; 11 of 16 produced interleukin 2 and 12 of 13 produced interferon-γ; in addition, 10 of 11 of these antigen-induced supernatants increased the monocytes' killing of Leishmania major amastigotes. Antibody levels to parasite membrane antigens determined by radioimmunoassay showed that 8 of 13 titers were >10 and 4 of 13 titers were 2 to 10 times higher than control. Our findings demonstrate that patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis elicit a specific immune response to L. major antigens and part of this response is the production of lymphokine capable of promoting monocyte killing of intracellular amastigotes.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1987|