Antigen and mitogen induced production of macrophage migration inhibitory factor in the mouse

I. Altboum, E. Pick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Spleen cells of C57B1/6J mice immunized with complete Freund's adjuvant produced macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) when incubated in vitro with tuberculin purified protein derivative (PPD). For optimal MIF production spleen cells were cultured for 48 h in a serum-free medium, at a concentration of 2x107 cells/ml. MIF was assayed in a xenogenic system, using oil-induced guinea pig peritoneal exudate cells as targets. MIF synthesis could also be induced by pulsing spleen cells for 2 h with concanavalin A, phytohemagglutinin, pokeweed mitogen or lipopolysaccharide, followed by culture in plain medium. No MIF secretion was induced by incubation of spleen cells with anti-Θ or rabbit anti-mouse IgG sera. Cells producing MIF in response to PPd were characterized as B cells by virtue of being insensitive to anti-Θ serum and complement, by being retained on nylon wool, glass bead and anti-Ig colums and by the presence of Fc receptors. PPD-stimulated T cells did not produce MIF. PPD-induced mouse spleen cell MIF demonstrated a moderate loss of activity by heating at 56 and 80 °C and was completely inactivated after digestion with chymotrypsin. By fractionation on Sephadex G-200, migration inhibitory activity was recovered in a molecular range of 100,000-12,400 daltons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-43
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1979


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