Anticipated work-family conflict: Effects of gender, self-efficacy, and family background

Rachel Gali Cinamon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


Anticipated levels of 2 types of work-family conflict (WFC) were studied among 358 students from 2 universities. The study examined the contribution of gender, parental models of child care and housework, and self-efficacy to the variance in anticipated WFC. Findings demonstrated that the bidirectionality of the relations between work and family life also exists in anticipated conflicts. A number of gender-related differences emerged: Women anticipated higher levels of work interfering with family and family interfering with work and demonstrated lower efficacy in managing these conflicts than did men. Exposure to an egalitarian child care model correlated with lower anticipated levels of work interfering with family. Self-efficacy correlated negatively with both types of conflict. Implications for further research and career programs are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-215
Number of pages14
JournalCareer Development Quarterly
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2006


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