Antibody Clustering Helps Refine Lupus Prognosis

Aharon Kessel, Itzhak Rosner, Kathy Halasz, Galia Grushko, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Dafna Paran, Elias Toubi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Our aim was to investigate a possible association between patterns of anti-dsDNA antibody isotypes (IgG, IgM, and IgA), rheumatoid factor (RF) isotypes (IgG, IgM, IgA), and IgG anti-C reactive protein (CRP) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) disease activity (SLEDAI). Methods: Our study group included 98 patients, 86 women and 12 men, with a mean SLEDAI score of 7.9 ± 4.1. We divided the patients into 4 groups by the serum anti-dsDNA antibody isotype intensity level. Results: We found that patients in group 1 (IgG > IgM, 42 patients) had a statistically significantly higher SLEDAI score than group 2 (IgG < IgM, 13 patients) (10.57 ± 4.62 versus 5.6 ± 4, P = 0.0012), group 3 (IgG = IgM, 8 patients) (10.57 ± 4.62 versus 6.2 ± 1.98, P = 0.04), and group 4 (none, 35 patients) (10.57 ± 4.62 versus 6 ± 1.5, P = 0.0001). SLE patients with IgG RF or IgM RF isotype present had a significantly higher SLEDAI score compared with those without IgG RF or IgM RF (10.57 ± 4.8 versus 7.6 ± 4.1, P = 0.03, 10.6 ± 5 versus 7.6 ± 3.9, P = 0.046). The presence of IgA RF isotype was not associated with a higher SLEDAI score. IgG anti-CRP did not correlate differentially with SLEDAI scores. Conclusions: A combination of high-titer IgG anti-dsDNA with a positive RF of IgM isotype may serve as a marker for more active SLE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-70
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • anti-dsDNA isotypes
  • antibody clustering
  • prognosis
  • rheumatoid factor isotypes
  • systemic lupus erythematosus


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