Anti-Müllerian hormone is a marker for chemotherapy-induced testicular toxicity

Mattan Levi, Noa Hasky, Salomon M. Stemmer, Ruth Shalgi, Irit Ben-Aharon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Dueto increased numbers ofyoungcancer patientsandimproved survival, the impact of anticancer treatments on fertility has become a major health concern. Despite mounting research on ovarian toxicity, there is paucity of data regarding reliable biomarkers of testicular toxicity. Our aim was to evaluate anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) as a marker for chemotherapy-induced testicular toxicity. Serum AMH and a panel of gonadal hormones were measured in male cancer patients at baseline and after chemotherapy. In the preclinical setting, mice were injected with diverse chemotherapies and were killed 1 week or 1, 3, or 6 months later. We evaluated spermatogenesis by AMH as well as qualitative and quantitative sperm parameters. Nineteen patients were enrolled, the median age was 38 years (21-44 y). Serum AMH was correlated with increased FSH and T and decreased inhibin-B in gonadotoxic protocols (cisplatin or busulfan) and remained unchanged in nongonadotoxic protocols (capecitabine). AMH expression had the same pattern in mice serum and testes; it was negatively correlated with testicular/epididymal weight and sperm motility. The increase in testicular AMH expression was also correlated with elevated apoptosis (terminal transferase-mediated deoxyuridine 5-triphosphate nick-end labeling) and reduced proliferation (Ki67, proliferating cell nuclear antigen; all seminiferous tubules cells were analyzed). Severely damaged mice testes demonstrated a marked costaining of AMH and GATA-4, a Sertoli cell marker; staining that resembled the pattern of the Sertoli cell-only condition. Our study indicates that the pattern of serum AMH expression, in combination with other hormones, can delineate testicular damage, as determined in both experimental settings. Future large-scale clinical studies are warranted to further define the role of AMH as a biomarker for testicular toxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3818-3827
Number of pages10
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2015


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