Anthropomorphic measurement of the breast

Melvyn Westreich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The female breast has a diverse physiognomy that makes accurate reproducible measurements of this organ very difficult. It is a three-dimensional soft tissue structure that is anchored to a bony and muscular framework that does not remain constant over time. Breast shape is affected physiological changes associated with puberty, ovulation, gestation, lactation, and senescence. The shape, volume, position of the breast with ptosis and projection, breast envelope quality, and pathological morphology of the breast are discussed. The most important use of the breast-measuring protocol is to assess the physiognomy of the breast and record any changes from previous measurements. These changes may be the result of surgeries performed or may simply be due to the vagaries of the passage of time. By including anthropomorphic measurements in the permanent record of every patient undergoing breast surgery, we have a tool to compare long-term and short-term results of surgical techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBreast Augmentation
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples and Practice
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783540789475
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


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