Anthropomorphic cardiac phantom for dynamic SPECT

A. Krakovich, U. Zaretsky, E. Gelbart, I. Moalem, A. Naimushin, E. Rozen, M. Scheinowitz, R. Goldkorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: As myocardial blood flow measurement (MBF) in SPECT systems became recently available, significant effort has been devoted to its validation. For that purpose, we have developed a cardiac phantom that is able to mimic physiological radiotracer variation in the left ventricle cavity and in the myocardium, while performing beating-like motion. The new phantom is integrated inside a standard anthropomorphic torso allowing a realistic tissue attenuation and gamma-ray scattering Methods and Results: A mechanical cardiac phantom was integrated in a commercially available anthropomorphic torso. Using a GE Discovery 530c SPECT, measurements were performed. It was found that gamma-ray attenuation effects are significant and limit the MBF measurements to global/three-vessel resolution. Dynamic SPECT experiments were performed to validate MBF accuracy and showed mean relative error of 14%. Finally, the effect of varying radiotracer dose on the accuracy of dynamic SPECT was studied Conclusions: A dynamic cardiac phantom has been developed and successfully integrated in a standard SPECT torso. A good agreement was found between SPECT-reported MBF values and the expected results. Despite increased noise-to-signal ratio when radiotracer doses were reduced, MBF uncertainty did not increase significantly down to very low doses, thanks to the temporal integration of the activity during the measurement

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nuclear Cardiology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • instrumentation
  • myocardial blood flow


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