Anterior Chamber Rebubbling with Perfluoropropane (C3F8) after Failed Rebubbling Attempts for Persistent Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty Graft Detachments

Yariv Keshet, Yoav Nahum, Irit Bahar, Eitan Livny*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose:To describe the clinical outcomes of using C3F8 as a tamponade agent for the attachment of partially detached Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) grafts after failure of previous rebubbling attempts.Methods:Interventional case series. We reviewed the medical records of all DMEK surgeries performed at Rabin Medical Center (Petach Tikva, Israel) between January 2016 and December 2018 in which 10% C3F8 tamponade was used for graft reattachments. Patient demographic details, indication for surgery, early postoperative endothelial cell loss, postoperative visual acuity, intraoperative and postoperative complications as well as graft survival were noted.Results:Five patients were included in this case series. Indications for DMEK were pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (n = 3), failed penetrating graft (n = 1), and Fuchs endothelial dystrophy (n = 1). In 4 of 5 cases, SF6 tamponade was used at the end of the initial DMEK surgery. In 1 case, air tamponade was used. In all cases, partial graft detachment was seen 1 to 2 weeks postoperatively, and anterior chamber rebubbling was performed using 20% SF6 gas. A second C3F8-assisted rebubbling was performed 10 to 70 days after the primary DMEK surgery. In all cases, complete graft attachment was achieved, and the corneas cleared. Early endothelial cell loss rates averaged at 44% ± 26% (range 20%-74%). One case which had a previous trabeculectomy with chronic preoperative and postoperative hypotony had failed 6 months after surgery. All the other grafts were clear at last visit.Conclusions:Tamponade using nonexpansile 10% C3F8 gas can attach partially detached DMEK grafts after the failure of previous air-or SF6-assisted rebubbling attempts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)976-979
Number of pages4
JournalCornea
Volume38
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • C3F8
  • DMEK
  • cornea
  • perfluoropropane
  • rebubbling

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