Anterior and apical samplings during transperineal image-guided prostate biopsy

Ziv Savin*, Snir Dekalo, Ron Marom, Noam Bar-Yaakov, Ibrahim Fahoum, Sophie Barnes, Ofer Yossepowitch, Gal Keren-Paz, Roy Mano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Concurrent systematic biopsies during image-guided targeted biopsies of the prostate were found to improve the detection rate of clinically significant prostate cancer (CSPC). However, these biopsies do not routinely include anterior or apical sampling. We aimed to evaluate the significance of anterior and apical samplings during combined biopsies. Methods: After obtaining institutional review board approval we identified 303 consecutive patients who underwent transperineal combined biopsies of the prostate between 2017-2020. Systematic biopsies were obtained from the peripheral zone, anterior zone, and apex. Study outcomes included CSPC and any cancer on anterior or apical biopsies. Logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between pre-biopsy characteristics and study outcomes. Results: Median prostatic-specific-antigen value was 6.8 ng/dL. Most patients had stage T1c disease (77%). Overall, combined biopsies detected CSPC in 87 patients (29%). Any cancer and CSPC in the anterior zone were found in 54 (18%) and 19 (6%) patients, respectively. Any cancer and CSPC in the apex were found in 54 (18%) and 16 (5%) patients, respectively. Anterior/apical samplings upgraded the pathological result in 19 patients (6%). Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that PI-RADS 5 lesions predicted the presence of CSPC in both the anterior zone (OR = 8, 95%CI = 3-22, P <0.001) and apex (OR = 4, 95%CI = 1-10, P = 0.01). Conclusions: Avoiding anterior and apical samplings during prostate biopsy does not result in substantial under-diagnosis of significant cancer. However, these areas are easily accessible using the transperineal approach and should be sampled in selected patients, particularly those with PI-RADS 5 lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5.e15-5.e21
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Anterior and apical samplings during transperineal image-guided prostate biopsy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this