Antecedents of Interest and the Investment of Fluid Intelligence in the Formation of Crystalized Intelligence

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Abstract

Most of the studies of the effects of fluid intelligence and non-cognitive characteristics on crystalized intelligence examined additive effects. The results of the few studies that examined interactive effects are inconsistent. Some find a positive (facilitating) interaction and some find a negative (compensatory) interaction. We improve on these previous studies by examining non-cognitive characteristics that were not studied before and by using a very large representative sample (n = 11,266). We find a positive/facilitating interaction. We discuss the implication of these results to theories about the joint effect of fluid intelligence and non-cognitive characteristics on crystalized intelligence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number679504
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • crystalized intelligence
  • fluid intelligence
  • intelligence development
  • interaction
  • investment traits

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