Annealed silver-islands for enhanced optical absorption in organic solar cell

Francis Otieno*, Mildred Airo, Kamalakannan Ranganathan, Daniel Wamwangi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Silver nano-islands are explored for enhancing optical absorption and photo-conversion efficiency in organic solar cells (OSCs) based on the surface plasmon resonance effect under diverse annealing conditions. Ag nanoislands have been deposited by RF magnetron sputtering at 15W for 10 s and subsequently annealed between 100 °C-250 °C in air and Argon ambient. The optical properties of the reconstructed Ag islands demonstrate an increase and a blue shift in the absorption bandswith increasing annealing temperature. This is the localized surface plasmon effect due to the Ag islands of diverse sizes, shapes and coverages. The increase in optical absorption with temperature is attributed to changes in island shape and density as collaborated by atomic force microscopy and TEM. As a proof of concept, an organic solar cellwas characterized for current-voltage (I-V)measurements under dark and under solar simulatedwhite light. Incorporation of annealed Ag islands has yielded an efficiency increment of between 4-24%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-183
Number of pages7
JournalThin Solid Films
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Absorption
  • Ag nanoparticles
  • Organic photovoltaic
  • Surface plasmon resonance


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