ANE syndrome caused by mutated RBM28 gene: A novel etiology of combined pituitary hormone deficiency

Ronen Spiegel*, Stavit A. Shalev, Amin Adawi, Eli Sprecher, Yardena Tenenbaum-Rakover

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective and design: A homozygous loss-of-function mutation in the gene RBM28 was recently reported to underlie alopecia, neurological defects, and endocrinopathy (ANE) syndrome. The aim of the present study was to characterize the endocrine phenotype of ANE syndrome and to delineate its pathogenesis. Methods: Detailed neuroendocrine assessment was performed in five affected male siblings harboring the homozygous p.L351P mutation in RBM28. Results: All five affected patients, aged 20-39 years, displayed absent puberty, hypogonadism, and variable degrees of short stature. Low IGF1 concentration and a lack of GH response to provocative tests in all siblings were consistent with GH deficiency. Low testosterone and gonadotropin levels with absence or low response to GnRH stimulation indicated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. ACTH deficiency evolved over time, and glucocorticoid replacement therapy was initiated in four patients. Thyroid analysis showed variable abnormal TSH response to TRH stimulation, suggesting hypothalamic compensated hypothyroidism in four subjects and laboratory hypothyroidism (low free thyroxine) in one patient. Low prolactin levels were shown in one case. Conclusions: The endocrine defects characteristic of ANE syndrome are compatible with variable combined anterior pituitary hormone deficiency (CPHD), which evolves gradually over the years, indicating long-term hormonal monitoring. We propose that defects in the cellular Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway underlie this endocrinopathy. RBM28 gene defects should be added to the growing list of gene defects associated with syndromic CPHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1021-1025
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Volume162
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'ANE syndrome caused by mutated RBM28 gene: A novel etiology of combined pituitary hormone deficiency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this