Ancient and modern developments of water resources in the Holy Land and the Israeli-Arab conflict - a reply.

Z. Y.D. Ron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rowley's critique (1986) of the article by Ron (1985) has failed to deal with relevant facts. Contrary to Rowley's statement, spring flow tunnels in the Holy Land are not identical to qanats, and are not a recent Arab development. They are ancient, their development having commenced in the 9th and 8th centuries BC. During this period geo-hydrological and hydro-technical breakthroughs in the development of water supply and water resources were achieved in the Holy Land as a result of security and defence needs. Due to their stable structure hundreds of these ancient spring flow tunnels remain well preserved, and are found mainly in the Judean and Samarian Hills, but also in the hills of the Galilee and the Carmel. Since 1967, the new Israeli settlements on the West Bank and particularly in the Jordan Valley have provided for the modern development of deep ground water sources. -from Author

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)360-369
Number of pages10
JournalTransactions of the Institute of British Geographers
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

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