Analysis of strength properties of light-cured resin composites

T. Brosh*, Y. Ganor, I. Belov, R. Pilo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To determine and correlate the compressive and tensile strengths of resin composites, to scale their failure probability and to analyze their failure mode under combined state of stresses. Methods: Ten brands of composites were tested for compressive and diametral tensile strengths. A recently introduced device for testing of pure shear stresses was modified to adapt to smaller specimens. Uniformity of pure shear stress distribution in the significant section was verified by a photoelastic model. Loading specimens in pure shear up to failure determined their mode of fracture under combined state of stresses. Results: Diametral tensile strength yielded values that were 20% of their respective compressive strength. Multiple comparison test indicated that strength properties of the tensile strength test were much more sensitive in predicting differences between resin composites when compared to a compressive strength test. Pertac (Espe) had the highest compressive strength, Graft LC (GC) and Z-100 (3M) had the highest diametral tensile strength. No correlation was found between tensile and compressive strengths. The Weibull modulus disclosed differences in the liability of the materials to fracture. When combined state of stresses were applied through the pure shear test, failure of each specimen occurred at the principal tensile planes. Significance: Compressive strength cannot predict the ability of the resin composite to withstand tensile stresses. The importance of compressive strength is limited as failure of a brittle material occurs in tension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalDental Materials
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

Keywords

  • Compressive strength
  • Diametral tensile strength
  • Pure shear test
  • Resin composites
  • Weibull distribution

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