Analysis of risk factors in 532 survivors of first myocardial infarction hospitalized in Jerusalem

E. Leitersdorf*, N. Gottehrer, M. Fainaru, Y. Friedlander, G. Friedman, D. Tzivom, Y. Stein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During the period January 1979-March 1983, we have conducted in Jerusalem a case control study of all patients under the age of 65 surviving their first diagnosed myocardial infarction, in order to evaluate the importance of the conventional risk factors and to detect additional factors through quantifying plasma apolipoprotein concentrations. As a control group, we have chosen a sample from a previously studied Jewish population (LRC study), representative of the adult Jerusalemite population, parents of children born during 1958-1961. To complete the younger age group missing in the LRC population, we added a population studied in the Kiryat Yovel district of Jerusalem. We report here the results obtained from interviews and analysis of 532 cases (448 males and 84 females), and 869 controls (457 males and 412 females). In order to overcome the effects of age and ethnic origin on the risk factors, we have divided our populations according to age and country of origin of their fathers. Age, sex, smoking, history of high blood pressure, diabetes, elevated plasma triglycerides and/or cholesterol, and decrease in plasma HDL cholesterol, emerged as the most powerful and significant risk factors in this study. Other putative risk factors such as socioeconomic status, dietary habits, physical activity and obesity index were not found to be significantly different between cases and controls. It is noteworthy that smoking was more important as a risk factor in the younger age groups, whereas hypertension and diabetes were more important in the older age groups, particularly in females. The differences in lipid levels were considerably more prominent in the young age groups in both sexes. Myocardial infarction was observed more frequently in patients of European or American extractions. Apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, E and B determined in this study were shown to be affected partly by age and country of origin. Apo E and apo B levels were significantly higher and Apo A-I significantly lower in patients with myocardial infarction when compared to controls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-93
Number of pages19
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume59
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking Triglycerides

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