Analysis of 104 twin pregnancies conceived with assisted reproductive technologies and 193 spontaneously conceived twin pregnancies

Yair Daniel*, Yifat Ochshorn, Gideon Fait, Eli Geva, Amiram Bar-Am, Joseph B. Lessing

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To evaluate pregnancy outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART)-conceived twin pregnancies. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: A tertiary obstetric care center. Patient(s): All twin pregnancies delivered ≥24 weeks of gestation from January 1, 1996, to December 31, 1997. Intervention(s): Maternal and neonatal record review. Main Outcome Measure(s): Pregnancy and perinatal outcome. Result(s): The study group comprised 104 ART-conceived twin pregnancies, and 193 non-ART-conceived pregnancies served as controls. Mean maternal age, the proportion of nulliparae, and the percentage of women who delivered before 34 weeks' gestation was higher among the study women, whereas mean gestational age was younger. The incidences of pregnancy-induced hypertension, uterine bleeding, premature contractions, intrauterine growth retardation, fetal death, discordance, and cesarean section were significantly higher in the study group. Correspondingly, in the study group, the mean birth weight of both twins was lower; more neonates weighed <1,500 g, more had Apgar scores of <7 at 5 minutes, more were admitted to the intensive care unit, and more second twin neonates died. The outcome of twin pregnancies conceived spontaneously was comparable with those conceived by ovulation induction. Conclusion(s): Assisted reproductive technology-conceived twin pregnancies are at greater risk than non-ART-conceived ones for pregnancy complications and adverse perinatal outcome. (C) 2000 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)683-689
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2000


  • Assisted reproductive technology
  • Fetal reduction
  • ICSI
  • Infertility
  • Ovulation induction
  • Perinatal outcome
  • Spontaneous twin pregnancy
  • Twin pregnancies


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