Analogies and Theories: Formal Models of Reasoning

Itzhak Gilboa*, Larry Samuelson, David Schmeidler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book/ReportBookpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The book describes formal models of reasoning that are aimed at capturing the way that economic agents and decision makers in general think about their environment and make predictions based on their past experience. The focus is on analogies (case-based reasoning) and general theories (rule-based reasoning), and on the interaction between them, as well as between them and Bayesian reasoning. A unified approach allows us to study the dynamics of inductive reasoning in terms of the mode of reasoning that is used to generate predictions.

Original languageEnglish
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages192
ISBN (Electronic)9780191801419
ISBN (Print)9780198738022
StatePublished - 1 May 2015


  • Analogies
  • Bayesian reasoning
  • Case-based reasoning
  • Decision makers
  • Economic agents
  • Models of reasoning
  • Rule-based reasoning


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