An integrated methodology for assessment of drinking-water quality in low-income settings

Vineeth Ajith, Ram Fishman, Eitan Yosef, Selda Edris, Reshma Ramesh, Reshma Alookaran Suresh, Asaf Pras, Vahida Rahim, Sruthy Rajendran, Maya Yanko, Adi Amit, Rao R. Bhavani, Maneesha Vinodini Ramesh*, Hadas Mamane

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A hybrid methodology for assessing water quality, attitudes, and practice in low-income settings, which we call the AmriTau Water Quality Survey (AmriTAU WQS), is presented. An easy-to-use survey, operated through a lightweight smartphone application, is combined with standardized tests for assessing water quality and households’ perceptions and practices, producing a research methodology capable of characterizing the multifaceted nature of drinking-water use and quality in a sample community. This multifaceted approach allows generating meaningful insights, which can inform effective sustainable development projects. To validate the efficacy of this approach, a sample community in Kerala, South India, was assessed, and the results analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100862
JournalEnvironmental Development
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • Hybrid methodology
  • Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP)
  • Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP)
  • Rural communities
  • Water-quality monitoring


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