An experimental study of the events that follow a drop hitting a small surface

Merav Arogeti*, Eran Sher, Tali Bar-Kohany

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The events that follow a drop hitting a solid surface depend not only on the drop's initial conditions and drop properties but also, in a significant way, on the target-to-drop area ratio. For an impaction surface with a limited-size area, the events are unique and are significantly different from those occurring when the drop hits an infinite flat surface. In this study, we present a wide range of new visual observations focusing on the events that follow a drop hitting a dry solid surface of different small sizes. In particular, our interest is in the deposition, receding breakup, and prompt splash phases. We analyze the results while using non-dimensional groups, graphically depict the various events on a map, and define the borders between them. In addition, we offer a group of criteria that differentiate between events for a wide range of target-to-drop ratio, and Reynolds, and Webber numbers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111067
JournalExperimental Thermal and Fluid Science
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


FundersFunder number
Authority for Research and Development at Shamoon College of Engineering
Minerva Research Center


    • After-event
    • Deposition
    • Drop impact
    • Impact morphology
    • Small target
    • Splash


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