An eight year experience with upper gastrointestinal bleeding: Diagnosis, treatment and prognosis

N. Arber, H. Tiomny, A. Hallak, M. Santo, M. Moshkowitz, F. M. Konikoff, V. Shumla, P. Rozen, T. Gilat, J. Rattan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract is one of the most common medical emergencies. Admission of patients to a specialized care unit may reduce morbidity and mortality. All patients admitted to the Tel Aviv Medical Center, between January 1, 1983 and December 31, 1990 with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding, or those who bled while in the hospital, were seen and assessed by a senior member of the gastrointestinal service. Endoscopy was performed within 24 hr of admission. A total of 1110 endoscopies were performed. Duodenal ulcer was the main source of bleeding (40.0%). Injection of a vasoconstrictor was used for very small blood vessels. Thermal methods were used for small or medium sized vessels, or for oozing from a margin ulcer; both with equal rates of success. 153 (13.8%) surgical procedures were performed. Three (0.37) patients had endoscopic cardiovascular complications; one of them died. The in-hospital mortality was 5.9%. Increasing age, other medical problems, rebleeding and an admission hemoglobin of 8 g/dL or less, were associated with increased mortality. Our policy of early clinical and endoscopic assessment, and rapid surgical intervention in those at high risk, markedly improved survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-269
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medicine
Volume25
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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