An alternative approach to classifying and measuring residential education and group care and treatment programs: Internal totality and community orientation as separate components

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Internal totality and community orientation are two pivotal components, difficult to measure, in the literature on residential education (including both residential schools for the elite and group or congregate care and education programs for marginal youth). We propose a two-dimensional model based on historical research and contemporary study to define and differentiate these concepts. Internal totality can be measured through the links and balance between the formal curriculum, extra curriculum, and out of school (nonformal) activities; community orientation through links between the residential and ideological community, the local community, and the wider community. Implications for practice, policy, and further research are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-208
Number of pages14
JournalChild and Youth Care Forum
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1995
Externally publishedYes

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