Amputation versus primary nonoperative management of chronic osteomyelitis involving a pedal digit in diabetic patients

Viktor Feldman, David Segal, Ran Atzmon, Itai Ron, Meir Nyska, Nissim Ohana, Ezequiel Palmanovich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The preferred primary treatment of toe osteomyelitis in diabetic patients is controversial. We compared the outcome of primary nonoperative antibiotic treatment versus digital amputation in patients with diabetes-related chronic digital osteomyelitis. Methods: We conducted a retrospective medical record review of patients treated for digital osteomyelitis at a single center. Patients were divided into two groups according to initial treatment: 1) nonoperative treatment with intravenous antibiotics and 2) amputati on of the i nvol ved toe or ray. Durati on of hospi tal i zati on, number of rehospitalizations, and rate of below-or above-the-knee major amputations were evaluated. Results: The nonoperative group comprised 39 patients and the operative group included 21 patients. The mean ± SD total duration of hospitalization was 24.05 ± 15.43 and 20.67 ± 15.97 days, respectively (P = .43). The mean ± SD number of rehospitalizations after infection recurrence was 2.62 ± 1.63 and 1.67 ± 1.24, respectively (P = .02). During follow-up, the involved digit was eventually amputated in 13 of the 39 nonoperatively treated patients (33.3%). The rate of major amputation (above-or below-knee amputation was four of 39 (10.3%) and three of 21 (14.3%), respectively (P = .69). Conclusions: Despite a higher rate of rehospitalizations and a high failure rate, in patients with mild and limited digital foot osteomyelitis in the absence of sepsis it may be reasonable to offer a primary nonoperative treatment for digital osteomyelitis of the foot.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021


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