Amplified analysis of DNA by the autonomous assembly of polymers consisting of DNAzyme wires

Fuan Wang, Johann Elbaz, Ron Orbach, Nimrod Magen, Itamar Willner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A systematic study of the amplified optical detection of DNA by Mg 2+-dependent DNAzyme subunits is described. The use of two DNAzyme subunits and the respective fluorophore/quencher-modified substrate allows the detection of the target DNA with a sensitivity corresponding to 1 × 10 -9 M. The use of two functional hairpin structures that include the DNAzyme subunits in a caged, inactive configuration leads, in the presence of the target DNA, to the opening of one of the hairpins and to the activation of an autonomous cross-opening process of the two hairpins, which affords polymer DNA wires consisting of the Mg 2+-dependent DNAzyme subunits. This amplification paradigm leads to the analysis of the target DNA with a sensitivity corresponding to 1 × 10 -14 M. The amplification mixture composed of the two hairpins can be implemented as a versatile sensing platform for analyzing any gene in the presence of the appropriate hairpin probe. This is exemplified with the detection of the BRCA1 oncogene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17149-17151
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume133
Issue number43
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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