Always a Hunter The Role Of Wild Animals during the Late Bronze and Iron Ages of the Southern Levant

Lidar Sapir-Hen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

By the Late Bronze and Iron Ages in the southern Levant, livestock animals were the dominant meat source, and wild animals constituted a very small supplementary proportion of economy. As a result, wild animals often receive limited attention in studies of these periods. This article aims to examine the role of wild animals based on a large body of published zooarchaeological data. By studying temporal changes in species presence and frequencies, the study tracks the local diminution in several wild species; reveals a clear preference for hunting deer in sites of the Iron Ages, regardless of changes in local landscape; and shows that various other wild animals can be correlated to assemblages that are identified with Egyptian presence. Based on these observations and with correlation to historic events and cultural changes, wild animals’ roles in the economic and symbolic world of past societies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)288-295
Number of pages8
JournalNear Eastern Archaeology
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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