All-cause Readmission after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in a Community Hospital – Long Term Follow-up

Dan Loberman, Daniel E. Rinewalt, Hari Reddy Mallidi, Ashraf A. Sabe, Rephael Mohr, Sa'ar Minha, Tomer Ziv-Baran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Post-procedure readmissions are associated with lower quality of life and increased economic burden. The study aimed to identify predictors for long-term all-cause readmissions in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in a community hospital. Methods: A Historical cohort study of all adults who underwent TAVR at Cape-Cod hospital between June 2015 and December 2017 was performed and data on readmissions was collected up-to May 2020 (median follow up of 3.3 years). Pre-procedure, procedure and in-hospital post-procedure parameters were collected. Readmission rate was evaluated, and univariate and multivariable analyses were applied to identify predictors for readmission. Results: The study included 262 patients (mean age 83.7±7.9 years, 59.9% males). The median Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) probability of mortality (PROM) score was 4.9 (IQR, 3.1-7.9). Overall, 120 patients were readmitted. Ten percent were readmitted within 1-month, 20.8% within 3-months, 32.0% within 6-months and 44.5% within 1-year. New readmissions after 1-year were rare. STS PROM 5% or above (HR 1.50, p = 0.039), pre-procedure anemia (HR 1.63, p = 0.034), severely decreased pre-procedure renal function (HR 1.93, p = 0.040) and procedural complication (HR 1.65, p = 0.013) were independent predictors for all-cause readmission. Conclusions: Elevated procedural risk, anemia, renal dysfunction and procedural complication are important predictors for readmission. Pre-procedure and ongoing treatment of the patient's background diseases and completion of treatment for complications prior to discharge may contribute to a reduction in the rate of readmissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-427
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of the Medical Sciences
Volume363
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Community hospital
  • Long term follow-up
  • Readmissions
  • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement

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