Alanine aminotransferase blood levels and rehabilitation outcome in older adults following hip fracture surgery

Irina Gringauz, Jonathan Weismann, Dan Justo*, Abraham Adunsky, Gad Segal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low alanine aminotransferase (ALT) blood levels are associated with frailty and poor outcome in older adults. Therefore, we studied the association between ALT blood levels before rehabilitation and rehabilitation outcome in older adults following hip fracture surgery. A total of 490 older adults (age>60 years, mean age: 82.9±6.7 years, 82.0% women) admitted to rehabilitation following hip fracture surgery were included. The rehabilitation outcome was assessed by Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores. ALT blood levels were documented between 1 and 6 months before rehabilitation. Patients with ALT blood levels over 40 IU/l possibly consistent with liver injury were excluded. The cohort was divided into two groups: patients with ALT more than 10 IU/l and patients with ALT less than or equal to 10 IU/l. Upon rehabilitation discharge, the FIM outcome measures (motor, cognitive, gain, efficiency) were significantly higher in patients with ALT more than 10 IU/l relative to patients with ALT less than or equal to 10 IU/l (P<0.05). A logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and sex showed that patients with ALT more than 10 IU/l were more likely to have higher (second to fourth upper quartiles) total FIM scores (>50), cognitive FIM scores (>16), and FIM efficiency (>0.228) upon rehabilitation discharge (odds ratio=1.56-1.78). However, this association was no longer significant following adjustment also for admission total FIM score, cognitive impairment, cancer, and albumin serum levels. High-normal ALT blood levels before rehabilitation are associated with a better rehabilitation outcome in older adults following hip fracture surgery. It may be used when data on admission FIM score, cognitive impairment, cancer, and albumin serum levels are not available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Rehabilitation Research
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Functional Independence Measure
  • alanine aminotransferase
  • hip fracture
  • rehabilitation

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